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9.14 雅思考试回忆与分析

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9.14 雅思考试回忆与分析
Section 1 Lawson Primary School
Complete the notes below
e.g. address: 58 Bloomco Street
information for parents
Children are allowed to enter the resource centre from 1. 8: 40 to 9: 00 P
If children can not go to school, the parents must contact the school by
The school need parents who can help in the 3. art lessons
The next parents meeting will be held in 4 July
information for students
the school has a very nice atmosphere
There is a  new 5.gym is next to the canteen
Students do not wear a uniform
Make sure the school name is on the clothes that the child is wearing
Students should not wear 6, boots
School Holds lots of activities including:
And 7.chess
Daytrips to museums
Highlights of the school year
There is a summer every year.
There is a regular visit from a 9. dentist for checkups
Note: if children ride a bike to school, they must wear bright color coats and a 10. helmet
Section 2
主题提示: driving school course information
11-20)Multiple choices
A English proficiency
B it takes several days to finish
C completed in one single session
D a part is conducted on road
E for person who has a driving license
背景说这个课是给己经在本国有驾照,想要把自己驾照 transfer to这这个国家的人;提到提供多种语言服务要五六天完成课程
13-14) course五选二问哪两项符合 course
A involved police offence topics traffic violation
B receive tuition fees
C  compulsorycourse
D divided into theoretical and practical elements
E use new equipment
15 shopping mall-E
market stree独立大道叉口
16 police station--B
17 high school--C
18 theater -D
19 hospital-C
20 post office--F
Section 3
Pacific tapa blanket
21-26) Multiple choices
21 Pacific tapa cloth is different from other types of tapa cloth because it is
A the only tapa made today
B better quality than others
C put to a wider range of use
22 What does Helen say about the paper mulberry tree?
A it can also provide food
B not original from the pacific
C It can grow in any environment
23 Why did Maori people stop making tapa?
a they could not find the right trees in New zealand
B they were introduced to other fabrics by the europeans
C they found other better materials for making fabric
24 Large piece of tapa are made from smaller pieces which are
A stuck together
B woven together
C sewn together
因为录音里提到了一种 specific glue,还提到了他的材质不适合sew,
25-30) Matching
A recreational
B practical
C spiritual
D commercial
25 Samoa---C
26 Tonga---B
27 cook Islands---C
29 Tahiti大溪地---A
的人会把这些编织物染上颜色,然后拿来 dancing
30 Tikopia---B
Section4 Cocoa可可粉的介绍
31-40) Complete the sentences with ONE WORD ONLY.
The development of cocoa industry in the past 400 years
31.In 16 th century: it was used as money
32.In 17th century: it was processed for liquid chocolate
33.In 18th century: Americans added sugar into chocolate
34.In 19 century: researchers found it has impact on people' s mood
35.The largest importing country of cocoa is Italy
36.Nowadays you can buy cocoa is sold in chocolate bars
37.Chocolate merchants opened more shops and factories
38.Many manufacturers choose Africa as their base because of the cheaper labor
39.The industry is of great significance to the local economy
40.Chocolate dealers like to select site near the coast area for good transportation
Section 5
Travel Customer Request Sheet
1.Date of arrival 10.15
2. book a hotel
3.fee is no more than $175 a night
4.arrange for them to have a class
5.the children want to go sailing a time for children to play golf
7.if they go for National Park-book a caravan
8.wants to go fishing- send some information
9.arrange a massage for the mother
10.send a menu of the restaurant
Section 6
主题提示: city side rent city bicy
11-15) matching流程图配对
How to rent a bicycle in the city
List of choices
a helmet
B lights
C screen
d keyboard
e button
F locker
Citywide schemes
11 go to station, and touch in the screen
You input the password number12 button解锁
And ease the 13 locker
Put on 14 helmet before setting off
After usage put the bike back in the rack
When15 lights on说明 secured自行车放回锁好了
Matching places
16 coffee bar---C
17 totally security place---D
left to the reception
18 Workshop---I
19 locker room---A
20 shower room---H
Water cooler
hair dryer--E
Section 7
主题提示:能源利用 A group study session about renewable energy
About how three different countries use their energy resources
21-23)Table Completion
Research about different energy-saving innovations
Kites in Germany In different 21 weather conditions, to reduce the
emission of toxic gas
Vehicles in United States 22 electricity his the power
Oven in South Africa are safer than... as less likely to 23 explode
could effectively reduce the the chances ofexplosion
24-25) Choose two out of five
To select the interviewees to do the survey
A staffs on campus
B professors they are both too busy so they are not suitable
C local residence
d companies
The woman wants to ask the company but the man disagrees. In the end the man quits his idea because there were only about 5% respondent.
E university students
26-30) Multiple choice
26 it lmost people know little about renewable energy
听到说 be dark of that
27 windmill:should carefully choosing location
28 nuclear plants  a few people think they are unsafe
29 Sylvⅶia和男生要问人们关于传统资源的什么问题,
possible future of traditional resource
how to prevent pollution from traditional resource
30 New energy resource of Hydrogen的评价
C benefits overweigh the high cost
expensive, doesn 't look beautiful In the beginning it would be very expensive and they all agreed that the price is going down in the future
Section 8
absence of employees
31 absence is sometimes caused by factors in gender
Like female have take care their children
32 it is also a result from the Employees’attitude
33 the culture of certain companies lead to the high absence rate
34.问哪个缺席率高industry higher than office
35 need a larger size of workforce to make up the missed work(交替出题的可能)
36 Sometimes it is also caused by external factors 〔 the boss ask for work extra time要求加班的)
which should have been done
37 reduce the groups'efficiency of work
38 result in a larger financial loss brings more benefits to both the individual and the organisations if absence rate is controlled
40 companies can dismiss the people who keep doing
Section 1
How news was spread?
1-7) completions
16th century
3.欧洲出现了传播 religious思想的手册
17th century:
7.现代电视和收音机部分的成本靠 advertising维持
10.过去快200年,新闻机构由一次小部分人所拥有- NG
Section 2栅栏
Section 3 美国工作压力
Section 4
Otters have long, thin bodies and short legs - ideal for pushing through dense
undergrowth or hunting in tunnels. An adult male may be up to 4 feet long and 301bs. Females are smaller, around 161bs typically. The Eurasian otter’s nose is about the smallest among the otter species and has a characteristic shape described as a shallow‘ W’. An otter’s tail (or rudder, or stern) is stout at the base and tapers towards the tip where it flattens. This forms part of the propulsion unit when swimming fast under water. Otter fur consists of two types of hair: stout  uard hairs (up to 20mm long) which form a waterproof outer covering, and under-fur which is dense and fine, equivalent to an otter’s thermal underwear. The fur must be kept in good condition by grooming. Sea water reduces the waterproofing and insulating qualities of otter fur when salt water in the fur. This is why freshwater pools are important to otters living on the coast. After  wimming, they wash the salts off in the pools and then squirm on the ground to rub dry against vegetation.
Scent is used for hunting on land, for communication and for detecting danger. Otterine ( 水獭的) sense of smell is likely to be similar in sensitivity to dogs. Otters have small eyes and are probably short-sighted on land. But they db have the ability to modify the shape of the lens in the eye to make it more spherical, and hence overcome the refraction of water. In clear water and good light, otters can hunt fish by sight. The otter’s eyes and nostrils are placed high on its head so that it can see and breathe even when the rest of the body is submerged. Underwater, the otter holds its legs against the body, except for steering, and the hind end of the body is flexed in a series of vertical undulations. River otters have webbing which extends for much of the length of each digit, though not to the very end. Giant otters and sea otters have even more prominent webs, while the Asian short-clawed otter has no webbing-they hunt for shrimps in ditches and paddy fields so they don’t need the swimming speed, otter ears are tiny for streamlining, but they still have very sensitive hearing and are protected by valves which close them against water pressure.
A number of constraints and preferences limit suitable habitats for otters. Water
is a must and the rivers must be large enough to support a healthy population
of fish. Being such shy and wary creatures, they will prefer territories where man’s activities do not impinge greatly. Of course, there must also be no other otter already in residence - this has only become significant again recently as populations start to recover. A typical range for a male river otter might be 25km of river, a female’s range less than half this. However, the productivity of the river affects this hugely and one study found male ranges between 12 and 80km. Coastal otters have a much more abundant food supply and ranges for males and females may be just a few kilometres of coastline. Because male ranges are usually larger a male otter may find his range overlaps with two or three females-not bad! Otters will eat anything that they can get hold of - there are records of sparrows and snakes and slugs being gobbled. Apart from fish the most common prey are crayfish, crabs and water birds. Small mammals are occasionally taken, most commonly rabbits but sometimes even moles.
Eurasian otters will breed any time where food is readily available. In places where condition is more severe, Sweden for example where the lakes are frozen for much of winter, cubs are born in spring. This ensures that they are well grown before severe weather returns. In the Shetlands, cubs are born in summer when fish is more abundant. Though otters can breed every year, some do not. Again, this depends on food availability. Other factors such as food range and quality of the female may have an effect. Gestation for Eurasian otter is 63 days, with the  exception of Lutra canadensis ( 北美水獭) whose embryos may undergo delayed implantation.
Otters normally give birth in more secure dens to avoid disturbances. Nests are lined with bedding to keep the cubs warm while mummy is away feeding. Litter Size varies between 1 and 5. For some unknown reason, coastal otters tend to produce smaller litters. At five weeks they open their eyes-a tiny cub of 700g. At seven weeks they’re weaned onto solid food. At ten weeks they leave the nest, blinking into daylight for the first time. After three months they finally meet the water and learn to swim. After eight months they are hunting, though the mother still provides a lot of food herself. Finally, after nine months she can chase them all away with a clear conscience, and relax - until the next fella ( 伙伴,哥们) shows up.
The plight of the British otter was recognised in the early 60s, but it wasn’t until the late 70s that the chief cause was discovered. Pesticides ( 杀虫剂), such as dieldrin and aldrin, were first used in 1955 in agriculture and other industries - these chemicals are very persistent and had already been recognised as the cause of huge declines in the population of peregrine falcons, sparrow hawks and other predators. The pesticides entered the river systems and the food chain - micro-organisms, fish and finally otters, with every step increasing the concentration of the chemicals. From 1962 the chemicals were phased out, but while some species recovered quickly, otter numbers did notand continued to fall into the 80s. This was probably due mainly to habitat destruction and road deaths. Acting on populations fragmented by the sudden decimation in the 50s and 60s, the loss of just a handful of otters in one area can make an entire population unviable and spell the end.
Otter numbers are recovering all around Britain— populations are growing again in the few areas where they had remained and have expanded from those areas into the rest of the country. This is almost entirely due to legislation, conservation efforts, slowing down and reversing the destruction of suitable otter habitat and reintroductions from captive breeding programs. Releasing captive-bred otters is seen by many as a last resort. The argument runs that where there is no suitable habitat for them they will not survive after release and where there is suitable habitat, natural populations should be able to expand into the area. However, reintroducing animals into a fragmented an fragile population may add just enough impetus for it to stabalise and expand, rather than die out. This is what the Otter Trust accomplished in Norfolk, where the otter population may have been as low as twenty animals at the beginning of the 1980s. The Otter Trust has now finished its captive breeding program entirely, great news because it means it is no longer needed.
Questions 1-9
The reading Passage has seven paragraphs A-G
write the correct letter A-G in boxes 1-9 on your answer sheet
NB You may use any letter more than once
1 a description of how otters regulate vision underwater---B
2 The fit-for-purpose characteristics of otters body shape---A
3 A reference to an underdeveloped sense---B
4 An explanation of why agriculture failed in otter conservation efforts---F
5 A description of some of the otters social characteristics---C
6 A description of how baby otters grow---E
7 The conflicted opinions on how to preserve---G
8 A reference to a legislative act---G
9 An explanation of how otters compensate for heat loss---A
 Questions 10-13
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS AND/OR A NUMBER from the passage for each answer.
10 What affects the outer fur of otters?
Sea water/ salt water/ salt
11 What skill is not necessary for Asian short-clawed otters
Swimming speed
12 Which type of otters has the shortest range?
Coastal otters
13 Which type of animals do otters hunt occasionally?
Small mammals
1. It is natural process of animal species to become extinct (e.g. dinosaurs, dodos etc.). There is no reason why people should stop happening this. Do you agree or disagree
2. Some people think that cultural traditions will be destroyed when they are used as money-making machines aimed at tourists, other people believe that it is the only way to save such conditions in the world today. Discuss both views and give your own opinion.